Bricks of Meiji and Taisho excavated from the land of Yokohama Ma Zhu Miao
 
Massive excavations / mass preservation and utilization
Researcher of Yokohama Archives of History Izumi Ito
Large quantities of bricks, glass pots, ceramics pottery pieces of Meiji / Taisho period and the remainings of an ancient structure, has excavated from the land at 136 Ymashita-cho. These valuable historical material convey the situation of China Town before and at the Great Kanto Earthquake. Therefore in the presence of Ma Zhu Miao and the 3 institutes of Yokohama Home & Historical Foundation ( Yokohama Archives of History, Museum of Yokohama Urban History, Institute of Cultural Assets Deposits), preservation and utilization of the excavation of the bricks started.
T Excavated destination: 136 Yamashita-cho, Naka-ku, Yokohama
U Excavated remains and ancient structure
1. Remains and bricks structure yphoto 1z yphoto 2z
 
The surface which was layed by two bricks each in length and breadth direction appeared. It is considered to be that most of the land was layed by these bricks. Those bricks could be said they were made before Great Kanto Earthquake from its carved seal and shape. It is very rare for the bricks to excavate which narrowly missed being broken. And also bricks which seemed to be the building basics excavated from the road side of the site.
2. Section of the layer yphoto 3z
 
The site at 136th lays; (1) asphalt, (2) concrete, (3) bricks, (4) burnt soil, (5) brick debris, (6) natural soil layer, from the surface. According to the bricks being covered by the burnt soil, they could be considered to be made before Great Kanto Earthquake by looking at the brick debris which includes the bricks from the collapsed building.
3. Excavated remains yphoto 4z yphoto 5z
  (1)Bricks
 
Same carved seal could be found in the "weight installed cut corner bricks" as the bricks that were used for the sewer built in 1880's. It is considered to be the bricks used for either sewer or recycled for a strcture.
 
"Machine made bricks" was made after 1887. It has a "crepe pattern" by being cut by a piano wire.
  (2)Pot which is melted by high heat
  (3)A ceramics piece and glass pot
As the historical materials are in an arranging step, still need some certain period fort the report for details.
V A historic meaning
The history of this place
 
136, Yamashita-cho was counterpart of the Yokohama foreigner settlement 136 which was locate in the late Tokugawa period. South Gate Street (previously called as Maeda-bashi street) was a busy street for traffic of foreign residents which connected Yamashita settlement at Kannnai district (mainly commercial area) and Yamate settlement (a residential area/ a school zone). According to a English yearbook called "The Japan Directory", there were restaurant and exchanger managed by Chinese, bars managed by Westerners, as well as milk shop managed by Japanese at 136 Yamashita-cho about 100 years ago.
yphoto 6z yphoto 7z
 
Yamashita-cho was previously a counterpart of an old foreigner settlement, and it seems that many brick remains are undergrounded. However, remains of an ancient structure of modern times are inapplicable for cultural assets, many precious remains are lost due to the numerous apartment construction in Yamashita-cho district these years.
@ We were able to keep a record of the observation and pictures by presence of Yokohama Archives of History, Museum of Yokohama Urban History, Institute of Cultural Assets Deposits staff at each key points of the construction even the schedule was busy. It was a intention of Ma Zhu Miao side to treasure the remains of an ancient structure of China Town after noticing the existence of brick at boring investigation stage. It is not only collecting the bricks before the earthquake but know the atmosphere after the disaster.
@ It was meaningful to treasure the remains, especially 800 of the bricks that were excavated, and quick decision was made to utilize them in an effective way.
W To treasure the remains/ Utility policy
1 Utilize at "Shrine of Heavenly Empress" (Ma Zhu Miao)
 
Bricks were used for basic part of the belfry and drum tower. Now 700 of them are being treasured.
2 Exhibition at the Museum of Yokohama Urban History
 
Title of the exhibition: "Memories of the City Lying Underground- Remains of an Ancient Structure Telling Meiji and Taisho"
Period: September 3rd(Sat.) to December 11th(Sun), 2005
Promoter: Museum of Yokohama Urban History
@ Institute of Cultural Assets Deposits of Yokohama Home & Historical Foundation
Cooperator: Yokohama Archives of History
Place: Museum of Yokohama Urban History
@ 12 Nihon Odori Naka-ku Yokohama
@ Phone: 045 (663) 2424
  0 min. from Exit No. 3 Minato Mirai 21 Line "Nihon Odori " station
  http://www.tohatsu.city.yokohama.jp/
 
 
UP