Mother of the Heaven", which is generally called "Ma
Zhu" really existed in the Chinese history. She was born
in Fujian as a daughter of Mr. Lin, and named as Lin Mou Nyang.
The family was a descendant for the seventh generation of
Shao Zhou Ci Shi Lin Yun who was the sixth prefectural governor
of Tian Jiu Mei, and was the 23rd generation of Mr. Lin's
ancestor Lin Lu Gong in Fujian. According to the genealogy
of Lin family, Ma Zhu was born in March 20th, A.D.960, and
named as Mou Nyang (a silent girl) because she never cried
for a month after birth. As she was a keen intelligent girl,
she chanted a prayer to Buddha every morning and evening when
she was 10, and at 16 she was given a God's doctrine and a
copper label (though there is a various opinion, she was taught
how to write the labels from God when she looked into the
well.). She got supernatural power and transformation begins
to work, expelled the wickedness by the power of the label,
turn away the evil, put out misfortune, began to cure peoples
disease, redeemed the world. Therefore she was respectfully
called as a "Wise and Soulful Woman". She was also
called as a "Heavenly Authorized Soulful Woman"
by using supernatural power like; getting on a straw mat and
crossed the sea, got on a cloud and flew around the islands.
9th, A.D.987, she had passed away and rose to the heaven after
her training on one fine day. She was at the age of 28. She
was often witnessed flying over the sea in a red costume,
and helping people even after death. As she helped the people
with her prominent miracle power, people built a shrine and
worshipped her. She was presented a posthumous name by a successive
emperor such as "Soulful Princess", "Princess
of Heaven", "Heavenly Empress", "Holy
Mother of Heaven" as her supernatural power spread out.
became a Goddess from human being, and enshrined as a Goddess
of the Sea. Ship owners used to make a household altar in
a ship and worshipped her, and after that people did not only
prayed for safety of voyage but, as well as flood disaster
and drought, cholera, a thief, war and epidemic.
went overseas, therefore, the faith in Ma Zhu spread all over
the world. You can find Ma Zhu Miao where ever Chinese had
settled. According to the imperfect statistic, there are more
than 1,500 Ma Zhu Miao in 26 countries and areas, and has
over 200 million believers. There are over 800 Ma Zhu Miao
only in Taiwan, and 15 million believers. She has been prayed
day after day.
is believed by the people because she realized the excellent
traditional culture of Chinese people, and also became to
be respected by the International Council of Science. Current
research has been extended from folk beliefs to wide fields,
such as economy, politics, culture, race, religion etc. formed
a World Wide Ma Zhu Culture.